The Jamaican Maroons were descendants of ex-slaves who had fled to the hills following the British take-over of theisland in 1655.
They took up residence in the interior mountains of the island and lived in small towns while skillfully warding off the British occupiers.
they knew the mountains well and became very adept at guerrilla warfare.
They used all kinds of tactics to keep the their "would-be" British captors at bay.
Time and again the British launched attack after attack against them, but every they all failed
At one point, blood hounds were brought in to hunt them down and capture them, but that failed too!
Victory at last!
After several failed attempts to re-capture and enslave them, the British finally gain some kind of victoryin 1734.
That year, British soldiers attacked Nanny town.Many maroons were killed. Others threw themselves over the precipice which overlooked their town to avoid being captured.
But...they would rebound!
Another 200 sailors and 400 militia-men was sent against their new town, but this time, they hey hid themselves among the rocks and trees, and camouflage themselves with leaves and branches, then surrounded and attacked the enemy from without.
This drove fear in the minds of the English infiltrators.
Twenty soldiers were killed, and the rest fled for their lives.
After years of not being able to defeat the maroons, colonist Guthrie came up with a plan in 1738 to make the Maroons their ally.
They signed a peace treaty and for the first time, the Maroons were given land in different parts of the country, free of taxes, and were allowed to govern themselves.
Whenever a problem arose, they tried and punished by their own, but no one could be sentence to death.
If a slave ran away, they were to help recapture him and return him to his owner.
They were also to assist in suppressing any rebellion among the slaves. Respect was finally won!